Thar Desert, Rajasthan
Also known as the Great Indian Desert, the Thar Desert
extends into two states of north west India (Rajasthan and Gujarat)
and in the eastern region of the neighbouring country, Pakistan. The
arid region extends in an area which is 800 km long and 400 km wide.
The desert is bordered by Indus and Sutlej river in the west and the
Aravalli ranges in the east. The alluvial plains of Haryana and Punjab
occupy the northern region. Nearly three fifth of the total Thar area
is under farming while more than one fourth has been developed into
pasture land. The annual average rainfall is less than 25 cm and there
is only one river, Luni, that flows from between the region. This
river flows out to merge with the Arabian Sea. Farming in this region,
as evident from the amount of rainfall, is not at all easy. Infact
four out of ten years suffer a situation of severe drought. And then,
there is strong winds that blow for nearly half the year in this
As many as 700 species of plants exist in this area of which 107 are grass alone. These plants have the capacity to survive in the driest of conditions and are usually edible, especially the grass variety. The animal species of the desert region is also noteworthy. Actually, The Thar Desert houses some of the best breed of livestock in the country and thereby contributes to production of wool in Rajasthan which is half the total wool production in the country.
The land of shifting sand dunes, broken rocks and scrub vegetation has the visitors in a state of great excitement because it is completely different from what they have been used to. Though the region is arid, there is no dearth of attractions. Three of the most attractive cities of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Bikaner are a part of the Great Indian Desert.
Thar Desert Regions
Jaisalmer with a landscape that is mostly sandy or
stony, lies in the heart of the Thar desert. The vast sandy stretches,
from which emerges the magnificent fort of Jaisalmer, has earned the
place the sobriquet of the Golden City. Around 42 km from Jaisalmer is
the immensely famous Sam Sand Dunes. A camel safari trip to this place
is extremely important to experience the true magic of the Thar
Lying at the edge of the Thar desert are the cities of Jodhpur and Bikaner. These places are just perfect for providing an insight into the life of desert region. Camel safari in both these places are tremendously enjoyable.