Alwar Palace- Rajasthan
The city of Alwar is believed to have been founded by
a Kachhawa Rajput ruler, though long back around 1500 BC, it also
formed a part of the Matsya dynasty (comrising Bharatpur, Dholpur and
Karauli). The Rajput rulers lost Alwar to the Nikumbhas who in turn
lost it to Bada Gurjara Rajputs of Machari. The possession of Alwar
now passed into the hands of the Khandzadas headed by Bahadura Nahara.
During this period, Alwar formed a part of the Mewat dynasty. Though
Bahadura Nahara had accepted Islam to appease Muhammad Tughlaq of
Delhi, his descendants preferred a friendship with the Rajput leaders.
He fought against the Muslims to protect Alwar from felling into their
hands but eventually, the might of the great Mughal forces prevailed.
Aurangzeb gave away Alwar to Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur only to take it back again. Later, the Jats of Bharatpur tried to capture Bharatpur in 18th century and even managed to rule it for some time. However, finally they were repulsed by the forces of Pratap Singh, a Naruka thakur (descendant of Kachawaha ruler of Amber), who now assumed power of Alwar. These Maharaja were quiet friendly to the British but strongly disapproved of the latters interfernce in their internal matters.
After independence, Alwar merged with other princely states of Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli to form the United Kingdom of Matsya. In 1949, the entire Matsy region was amalgamated to Rajasthan to form one state.
Alwar is renowned for its pottery and jewellery items.
The hugely famous wafer thin or Kagzi pottery comes is the product of
Alwar's craftmen. Apart from these two items, other typically
Rajasthani handicraft items make for a good buy.
The Main shopping centre to look out for include Hope Circus, Bajaja Bazaar, Sarafa Bazaar, Mala Khera Bazaar and Kedalganj Bazaar.
While on a shopping trip in Alwar, a sweet made of milk and known as Alwar Mawa must be tried out for its distinct taste.
The nearest airport from Alwar is in Jaipur at a distance of 143 km. Jaipur is well connected by air to the major cities both within and outside Rajasthan.
Alwar is well connected to other cities of Rajasthan by rail. Shatabadi Express, Jammu- Delhi Express and Intercity Express connects Alwar to Delhi and Jaipur. There is also the Mandore Express that runs between Delhi and Jodhpur.
National Highway No - 8 that connects Delhi to Jaipur is on the west of Alwar. Tourists can drive down themselves. Alternatively, buses connect Alwar to Jaipur, Delhi, Sariska, Deeg and Bharatpur.