Pookote Lake Wayanad- Kerala
The name Wayanad is believed to be derived from the
expression, vayal nadu, the 'village of paddy field'. However scholars
have their own reasons to disagree. According to them, Wayanad, in
earlier times was known as Mayakshetra (Maya's land). It later gave
way to the name Mayanad and still later to Wayanad.
Evidence in form of relics and edicts indicate inhabitation of the area as early as in the New Stone Age. However, recorded history is available only from the time of the 18th century. In earlier times the land was ruled over by the Veda rajas and later it came under the Pazhassi Raja of the Padinjare Kovilakom of the Kottayam family. During the reigns of Hyder Ali of Mysore, Wayanad was came under his rule, however with the defeat of his son, Tipu Sultan, at the hands of British, the entire Malabar region went to the British. This was followed by an intense revolution led by the Pazhassi Raja. The revolution ended only after the death of the raja himself.
The British reign ushered in an era of tea and other cash crop cultivation. Roads were laid down in the precarious areas of the regions thereby opening up newer land for cultivation. With the increase in the British power, organized cultivation came into limelight.
Post independence, when the state of Kerala was created in 1956, Wayanad formed a part of the Kannur district of Kerala. Later, its southern part was added to the Kozhikode district. Finally, in the year 1980 on 1st November, north and south Wayanad were merged together to form the 12th district of Kerala, Wayanad.
Wayanad Travel Guide
The closest airport from Wayanad is at Kozhikode which is in turn connected to places like Delhi, Coiambatore, Mumbai, Kochi, Goa, Chennai Trichy and Trivandrum.
Calicut is the nearest railway station from Wayanad region - 62 km from Vythiri, 103 km from Sulthan Bathery and 140 km from Thirunelly. Taxis are available to take you to different destination in the region - Sultan Bathery, Vythiri, Kalpetta and Thirunelly.
NH - 212, that connects Kozhikode to Kollegal via Mysore passes through many of the places in the Wayanad region like Vythiri, Kalpetta, Sultral Bathery and Thirunelly. Bus service is also available to take you different cities within and outside the state.