Thali Temple Kozhikode, Kerala
Where Is Calicut
Kozhikode was earlier known as Calicut which was an
angilised form of Kalikut. According to some scholars, prominently K V
Krishnan Iyer, the name implies koyil (palace) Kodu (fortified). Also,
the quality cotton, calico (origin of the name Calicut) is believed to
have originated here.
By this time, Calicut was established as a leading
spice trading centre on the western coast. It was the Zamorin ruler
himself who received the famous Portugese sailor, Vasco da gama as he
set his feet in Kozhikode in May 1498. With his arrival, Calicut was
thrown open to the world as an important spice trading centre. There
were traders - Russian, Chinese, Dutch and finally the British from
all over the world coming to Calicut for a profitable deal.
Calicut was designated its capital. Post independence, the Madras Presidency was turned into Madras state. It was only in 1956, when the Indian states were being reorganized on the basis of language ,that Kerala (consisting of Malabar district and Travancore-Cochin) came into existence. The Malabar district was segregated into separate district of Kannur, Kozhikode and Palakkad a year later.
Today, Kozhikode is a progressive trade centre of India and a famous tourists destination as well.
Interestingly, tourists in Kozhikode have been known to
carry back the varied coloured Kozhikode halwa and banana chips more
than anything else. The, there is the spice market with its
irresistible variety of Kerala spices, almost ready to season your
Other items that make for a good buy include bell metal artefacts, models of urs or yatch, muslin and handloom cloth (the last two were the pride of Kozhikode at one point of time). Main shopping street of the city is the SM Street where the sweet halwa is sold.
By Air- Reaching Kozhikode (Calicut) Airport
Although Calicut international airport is excatly not like other cities but still the closest airport from Kozhikode lies at a distance of 26 km, Karipur Airport. Flights to Kozhikode from here fly daily to Delhi, Coiambatore, Mumbai, Kochi and Chennai. There are flights to Calicut thrice a week. Twice to Trichy and just once to Trivandrum. From Karipur, prepaid taxis are available to take you to Kozhikode.
The nearest Kozhikode railway station is at Calicut. Trains from here run to and from Ernakulam, Trivandrum, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai. The Cannanore, Netravati and Partshuram Express run daily to Ernakulam and Delhi. The Netravati Express along with the Mangla Lakshwadeep Express trains connects to Mumbai. The Mangala Lakshwadeep Express originates in Delhi which is also connected to Kozhikode by another train by the name of Trivandrum Rajdhani. The Mangalore Mail runs daily between Calicut and Chennai.
Kozhikode is linked with many other places by National and State Highways. For example, the NH-17 connects it to places like Kannur (86 km), Kasodgarh (175 km), Mangalore (224 km), Panjim (619 km) and Mumbai (1212 km). Kochi lies at a distance of 223 km from Kozhikode Bus services from Kozhikode run to Kochi, Thrissur, Kannur, Perinthalamanna, Bangalore, Mangalore and Madurai.
Distance of Kozhikode From Other Cities