Gol Gumbaz - Bijapur
Bijapur - Mirror To Royal Past
Nestling in the northern part of Karnataka, Bijapur is a
historically important city of the state. Situated 530 Km from
Bangalore and only 550 Km from Mumbai, it was once the celebrated
capital of Adil Shah dynasty. The city was established by the
Chalukyas and the city was named as Vijayapura. Soon it came under the
rule of Bahmini Sultanate and was named Bijapur. Under this dynasty,
Bijapur saw the construction of many exquisite structures that would
be counted among the best in the world. A lot of monuments have been
partially destroyed during the wars, but still the uniqueness of the
monuments is not hidden and attracts all enthusiastic travelers. The
grandest of all monuments in the city is Gol Gumbaz, the second
There are many excursion options from Bijapur. Badami, Aihole and Pattadakal which are all located around 100 Km from here. All these places are famous for the temples of Chalukyan style. Engage in shopping in Bijapur which is known for the hand woven lkal silk saris.
Attractions - Exceptional Class of Work
Bijapur has few of the most stunning creations by Muslim rulers in India. There are mosques and tombs that have magnificent works of carvings and architecture. The most important is the Gol Gumbaz which is the second largest tomb in the world. Most of the attractions of the city are situated close to each other and is easy to commute between them. There are many excursion possibilities as well around Bijapur like Aihole which has few of the oldest temples in India.
The Gol Gumbaz
Gol Gumbaz is the tomb of Mohammad Adil Shah and is the second largest tomb in the world, next only to St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Gol Gumbaz is 124 m in diameter. The structure of the tomb is unique and the four minars of the corners, serve as staircases to the top of the tomb. Gol Gumbaz is most famous for the 'Whispering Gallery'. The gallery is a circular balcony on the periphery of the dome where even the tiniest of sounds can be heard at the other side of the room. It is said that a sound gets echoed 9 times in the room before starting to fade away. A remarkable structure, Gol Gumbaz is a must visit for all tourists.
It is believed to be among the earliest of Mosques in India. Jumma Masjid is famous for the exclusive copy of Quran which is written in gold. The Mosque was built during the Period of Adil Shah. It still holds prayers and is used for worshiping by many people. The mosque covers an area of 10, 810 sq m which makes it one of the biggest mosques in the region. Jumma Masjid has some decorative motifs inside, on the walls and the ceilings.
The Ibrahim Rauza
It is said that the beauty and architecture splendidness of Ibrahim Rauza inspired the greatest creation in India, The Taj Mahal. Ibrahim Rauza is the mausoleum of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and is among the most picturesque structures in Aihole. There are well cut out gardens in the premises that compliment the beauty of monument with magnificently carved walls and perforated stone windows. Ibrahim Rauza is situated at the edge of the city.
Situated at a distance of 110 Km from Bijapur, Aihole is an amazing option for excursion from the city. Aihole is the place where you can see genius of Indian temple architecture during the medieval era. Aihole is famously referred to as 'Cradle of Indian Temple Architecture'. Here you will find the specimens of Early Chalukyan art. Lad Khan Temple is the oldest temple in Aihole believed to be built in 5th century. Though all the temples are master creations, the most stunning is the Durga Temple. Visit the Museum and art gallery inside the temple that displays many sculptures. Other major temples in Aihole are Hutchmali Temple, Ravalphadi Cave Temple, many Jain and Buddhist temples.
Accommodation in Mangalore
Finding a place to stay in Bijapur is not at all a problem as there are ample number of good hotels here. Most of the hotels are clean, well kept, and hygienic. Though ultra luxurious hotels are hard to find, budget hotels will do the trick for you. Best hotels in Bijapur are Hotel Mayura Adhil Shahi, Hotel Samrat, Hotel Godavari and Hotel Madhuvan International.
The nearest airport to Bijapur is in Belgaum which is at a distance of 205 Km from here. There is connection to Bangalore and Mangalore apart from being well connected with Mumbai and Hyderabad. From there, you can hire a taxi or take a bus. The journey will take around 5 hrs to cover. Buses are regular from Belgaum to Bijapur.
Bijapur has its own railway station and is situated 2 km from the city center. Trains to many important railheads leave from here. There are trains to and from other states as well. Trains from Bijapur to Mumbai and Hyderabad pass theough Solapur. Bijapur railway station comes under Hubli administration.
Bijapur is well connected by road transport. Regular bus service is there from major cities like Badami (138 Km), Bangalore (550 Km) and Pattadakal (148 Km) and Hampi (220 Km). There is bus connection to other states as well. Mumbai is around 486 Km from here. National Highway 13 passes through the town.
Auto rickshaws are the major mode of transportation inside the city but a ride in a Tonga (Horse Carriage) is the more interesting option. You can hire a motorbike or a cycle from the main bus stand in Bijapur.