Complete India Travel Guide

"Patna, the Pataliputra of glorious yesteryears, occupies an important place in the pages of glorious history of India. Today, it is famous not only as an sprawling business center in East India and home to attractions like golghar, Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Harmandir Sahib and Patna Museum; it is gateway to few of the most important Buddhist destinations in India."
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Patna Tourism

Patna Museum
Famous Patna Museum

Crown of Mihgty Empires

Dating back to sixth centuy, Patna is one of the oldest cities in India. Today it is the capital of Indian state of Bihar. What brings hordes of tourist to Patna is the rich and royal past of the city. However, only mere reflections of its past glory is evident today. Situated on the southern bank of River Ganges, it stretches for 15 Km and is among the least changed cities in centuries.

Its days of yore were when it was under the rule of one of the greatest kingdoms that India has seen. The rule of Mauryan Kingdom spanned for nearly 1000 years before losing its sheen. The first Mauryan King to set up his reign in the then Pataliputra was Chandragupta. But it was his grandson Ashoka who expanded the Kingdom to unimaginable measures. Ashoka also became instrumental in spreading Buddhism to different corners of India. The Mauryans built a Royal Highway to enhance Indo-Hellenic trade which connected Pataliputra to Taxila in Pakistan. This later came to be known as Grand Trunk Road.

Patna today is an important city of East India and gateway to many Buddhist pilgrim centers like Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri. The best time to visit Patna is just after monsoon in the month of October to February.

Jewels of The Crown

Not only is Patna rich with places of tourist attractions; Buddhist pilgrimage places like Vaishali and Nalanda around Patna are also counted among the most important places to visit in East India. Apart from places like Harmandir Sahib, Patna Museum and Golghar, Patna is home to Mahatma Gandhi Setu, which is one of the longest bridge in the world with length of approximately 7.5 Km.


Built in 1786 by Captain John Garstin, Golghar is one of the most dominant structures in Patna. It came up as a result of devastating famine that struck the region in 1770 to serve as a state granary. This impressive building is round in shape rises to a height of 29 m. There is staircase circling the building and leading to the top. There is hardly any better place than this spot to get a glimpse of River Ganges and entire Patna city.

Harmandir Sahib

The Magnificent Gurudwara in the Chowk area of old Patna, consecrates the birthplace of the tenth religious leader of Sikh faith, Guru Gobind Singh. The milky white structure was originally built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the famous ruler of Punjab and is considered one of the holiest shrines for Sikh religion. Harmandir Sahib Gurudwara contains important Sikh scriptures and personal belongings of Guru Gobind Singh.

Patna Museum

Built in the style of Mughal and Rajput architecture, Patna Museum has a part of Patna since 1917. On display are different archaeological items, old age coins, art objects, paintings, textiles, Hindu and Buddhist artifacts. There is a casket excavated from the Relic Stupa of Vaishali, believed to contain the sacred ashes of Lord Buddha. However the main attractions of the museum is the splendid collection of items related to first President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad. It also contains the fossilized tree that is more than 200 million years old. Patna Museum is open on all days except Monday, from 10 AM till 4.30 PM.

Accommodations In Patna
Hotel Maurya

Being the capital of Bihar and an important business center in East India, there are numerous luxury and budget hotels for accommodation. Most of the budget hotels are located close to the Patna Railway station and luxury hotels are around the city center. Hotel Maurya, Hotel Pataliputra, Hotel Chanakya and Hotel Republic are the renowned luxury hotels in Patna. In Budget hotel category, Hotel Samrat, Htel Meghdoot and Hotel 5 Diamond are the preferred one.

How To Reach Patna

By Air

Patna has its own airport named Jai Prakash Narayan airport. There are daily flights from and to Delhi, Kolkata and Lucknow. Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Sahara Airways are the major flight operators serving Patna.

By Rail

Patna Railway station is connected to all major cities of India with regular trains. Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore and Mumbai are the most conveniently linked stations to Patna. The bus station is close by to station from where buses to all important cities of Bihar are available.

By Road

Patna is connected to all big and small cities of Bihar by good network of roads. The frequency of buses to nearby cities and states is also commendable.

Local Transport

You will find ample of options to choose from to commute inside the city. There are buses, shared autos and rickshaws in good numbers. However the best way to explore the laid back city is by hiring an auto rickshaw which are reasonable in speed, fare and convenience.

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